Neuseeland Spanier "San Lesmes" lapita
The San Lesmes was shipwrecked not on Easter Island, but on an isolated atoll towards the eastern end of the Tuamotus
Sensationshungrig! Halbwissen! Auflage-steigerende Fieberfantasie!
Geisterschiff taucht immer wieder auf
Wie es aussieht, haben Spanier die Holländer nicht nur auf der Weltbühne Fußball geschlagen, sondern auch bei der Entdeckung Neuseelands. Ginge es nach zwei neuseeländischen Forschern, so müßte diese Geschichte des Landes neu geschrieben werden: und zwar um ganze 116 Jahre, bevor der Holländer Abel Tasman erstmalig "Nieuw Seeland", konkret die Alpen der Südinsel, am 13. Dezember 1642 sichtete.
Nach Meinung des Historikers Noel Hilliam und des Meeres-Wissenschaftler Winston Cowie haben spanische Seefahrer bereits im frühen 16. Jahrhundert die Nordinsel Neuseelands besucht. Wichtigster Beweis dieser Theorie ist ein Geisterschiff, eine spanische Karavelle, das als komplett erhaltenes Wrack mysteriöserweise immer wieder vor der Westküste des Nordens aus dem Sand auftaucht.
Auslöser der Forschungen war ein stürmischer Tag im Herbst 1982, als Noel Hilliam und ein Freund sich in Hilliams selbstgebauten Flugzeug aus der Luft an der Suche nach einem vermissten Fischer an der rauhen Westküste nördlich von Dargaville beteiligten. "Plötzlich sahen wir die Umrisse eines perfekt erhaltenen Segelschiffes, in etwa 30 Meter Wassertiefe, aus dem Sand ragen," so Hilliam im Gespräch mit NN, "Nur der Mast war gebrochen." Hilliams weitergehende Forschungen ergaben, daß es sich wegen der außergewöhnlichen Form des Schiffes um eine spanische Karavelle handeln könnte. "Das Wrack ist so gut erhalten, weil es immer wieder von Sand bedeckt wird, aber bei stürmischem Wetter auch immer wieder freigelegt wird."
Die Region in Northland, wo Hilliam das Wrack fand, heißt "Aranga". Und - "Aranga" ist auch der Name einer ländlichen Region in Galizien im Norden Spaniens, nahe der Hafenstadt La Coruna. "Wir glauben, daß es sich bei dem Wrack um die verschollene Karavelle "San Lesmes" handelt," so Meeres-Wissenschaftler Winston Cowie gegenüber NN, der die weiteren Untersuchungen in Spanien leitete. "Die San Lesmes war Teil einer Expedition von sieben Schiffen, die 1525 La Coruna verließen. Zuletzt wurde sie am 1. Juni 1526 vor der Westküste Südamerikas gesehen".
Nach Archiv-Aufzeichnungen des "Archivo general de Indias" im spanischen Sevilla konnte bestätigt werden, daß 16 Seeleute des Schiffes aus La Coruna in der Region "Aranga" stammten. Weitere Recherchen vor Ort in Neuseeland ergaben, daß in der "Aranga"-Region in Northland hochgewachsene, über 1.80 m große Maori gesehen wurden, mit heller Haut und roten Haaren. Rotes Haar ist in der nordspanischen Provinz Galizien weitverbreitet. Auch sind noch heute die spanischen Worte "buque" und "pero" im Maori-Vokabular enthalten.
Als weitere Indizien für die Gegenwart spanischer Entdecker in Neuseeland halten Cowie und Hilliam die Funde eines spanischen Helms im Hafenbecken von Wellington sowie eines Reitsporns in den Dünen über der "Aranga"-Wrack-Fundstelle. Außerdem die Tatsache, daß endemische Pohutukawa-Bäume, die vor allem in der neuseeländischen "Aranga"-Region zu finden sind, auch in der nordspanischen "Aranga"-Region wachsen. "Die Einheimischen dort meinten, die Bäume seien mindestens 500 Jahre alt," so Cowie. "Wir lassen sie gerade datieren. Wenn die Bäume älter sind als Abel Tasmans oder Captain Cooks Entdeckungsreisen, würde dies unsere Theorie, daß die Spanier vorher hier anlandeten, stark unterstützen."
Im Marine-Museum von Madrid entdeckte er eine staubige Seekarte, die die großen Seefahrten der spanischen Entdecker beschreibt. Eine der Routen zeigt den Weg von Kapitän Juan Fernandez, der 1574, also früher als Tasman, von Concepcion in Chile nach Neuseeland und weiter gen Westen segelte.
Und dann gibt es Überlieferungen von einem Segelschiff, daß südlich von Dargaville, im Naturhafen von Kaipara, nach einer Explosion an Bord unterging, und wo "bleiche Männer in Rüstung" am Strand eine Kiste vergruben...
Privat-Foto: Touristen suchen nach Wrackteilen an der rauhen Westküste nördlich von Dargaville
Aber das ist eine andere Geschichte.
Caucasians in the Pacific
When the first explorers arrived in the Pacific they were surprised to see a significant number of Caucasians amongst the natives. Captain Samuel Wallis, in the Dolphin, the first ship to stop at Tahiti had George Robertson asthe ships master. He took a keen interest in the polynesians and made numerous notes on the people. ...the Mustees are near ten times as numerous as the whitest sort (ie; 10% of the population was white). .... there was two of the handsomest young ladys that I ever saw upon the island. one in particular was fully as fair and had a good features as the generality of women in England. Although the white people were heavily outnumbered, they were of the chiefly class and the copper coloured/red people were their servants, ... whereby the the red people did the paddling for the white people".
Relics of past populations of Caucasians in the Pacific do still exist such as in Easter Island, Raiatea, New Zealand, Missima Island and the blonde haired Tolai of New Guinea, but in most areas, the interaction between dominant and recessive genes from either side of the Pacific, has masked the interesting and complicated history of the Polynesians.
The isolation of these Pacific cultures on the one hand has preserved many cultural traits from an earlier age long since forgotten on the mainland. On the other hand, isolation and regeneration of population bases from small founding colonies has meant that many morphological features (red hair and blue eyes) and technological traits(use of metals) have been lost. The result is a variety of cultures that in some ways are unique, but other traits persist that are reminders of the culture and genetic makeup of the people that went before them.
Certain Polynesian people such as the Easter Islanders have a unique appearance to other Polynesians. They have red and blonde hair, green and blue eyes, they are tall with elongated Caucasian skulls, high foreheads and wiry features. Their family genealogy does not suggest that their society was in any way, remotely influenced by wayward sailors. In fact their worship of Megalithic ancestral idols (that began being built around the 11th Century) was associated with sun worship, the Birdman culture and the Rapa (Harrapan) script. These traits seem to come from a time long since forgotten in other parts of the world. Easter Island culture was a veritable time capsule hidden on a remote island in the Pacific known as Te Pito O Te Kainga - meaning; 'The end of the land'.
Despite this, some people believe that shipwrecked Portuguese sailors invented this ancient culture and script (viz; Robert Langdon and 'The Lost Caravel). Personally I cannot see how the worship of large stone idols and the birdman religion could ever come from a people indoctrinated with the Catholic faith, no matter how distorted their view of Catholicism was.
The following is an excerpt from Robert Langdon's book entitled; 'The Lost Caravel Re-explored' where due to his misunderstanding of ancient history, believed that oceanic voyaging began with people like Columbus and Magellan. He decided that the only possible explanation for Caucasians in the Pacific was that a Portuguese ship must have been responsible. He even searched through the records to put a name to the ship that may have been responsible for bringing Caucasian genes into the Pacific. He chose the ship San Lesmes, whose crew came from Madrid, Cordoba and South America, hardly a shipload of pure Basques, the genes that the Easter Islander genes are most similar to.
Shoshone, North America, Tolai mask, Bismarck archepelago and Moai, Rapa nui, depicting a skull shape that quite possibility originated amongst the native Caucasians of America.
The San Lesmes was shipwrecked not on Easter Island, but on an isolated atoll towards the eastern end of the Tuamotus over 1,000 miles away!
In 1929 a French survey team on the Mouette was directed to a wreck site on the northern tip of the atoll by the local chief, who informed them that a white man's ship had run aground on the island many generations ago, and all of its crew had been killed and eaten by the local people. All that was left were four cannons lying in shallow water, partly embedded in coral. These were found to be the cannons of the San Lesmes. How on earth can a group of dead men served up for supper have influenced Pacific history? As this was the period of Spanish conquest of the Americas, I find it very hard to believe that even if some of these men did survive, that their Spanish egos would have allowed them to give up their language, culture and faith to wholeheartedly embrace Polynesian culture, taking on positions in the Royal families as high chiefs - where most of the Caucasian genes can be found. Such chiefly families memorise their family genealogy right back to their arrival in Polynesia and no mention of shipwrecked European sailors appear in any of these genealogies. Surely someone with the power to break through the traditions of the ancient hereditary lineage that binds Polynesian society together would have imparted at least a little of their Portuguese language, culture and Catholic faith to their new culture. Robert Langdon's circumstantial evidence ignores the fact that not a single Portuguese word can be found in the Polynesian language. Not one skeric of evidence suggests that Portuguese culture had anything to do with the development of Polynesian society. Not only this, but Maoris arrived in New Zealand over 200 years before the San Lesmes was wrecked. How can the Caucasian features of some tribes be explained?
It is dissapointing to see intelligent people hoodwinked into believing such a preposterous story.
It is an insult to Polynesian society to suggest that it's development had anything to do with a few wretched shipwrecked sailors. Caucasians in the Pacific have much deeper more ancient origins.
Robert Langdon continued with his preposterous concoction. He believed that these shipwrecked sailors went on quests to other islands where Caucasian enclaves have been found. Once again, they failed to impart anything that could be recognised as Portuguese culture. Instead all the islands where he believes they imparted their genes to, coincidentally possessed a strong sun worshipping culture. These islands are Ra'iatea (Sun people white), Ra'ivavae (Sun, in memory of), Ra'rotonga (Sun in the south) and Rapa'nui (Rapa, Big). It seems peculiar to me that these wayward Spaniards cast off their Catholic faith to begin worshipping Ra the sun god and then even to have islands affectionately named after their white skins and their new god. Robert Langdon has taken the idea expressed in 'Lord of the Flies' and run with it.
If we believe Robert Langdon's story, these Spaniards or their children eventually progressed to Easter island. They began a complex society where they built monuments in their own likeness and changed their Latin style of writing into a complex script similar to the Indus Harrapan script, and began worshipping megalithic idols and having human sacrifices - a similar practice was seen in the Olmec culture of Central America. Why would they have done this? It makes no sense at all. In fact the Caucasian looking Moai began to be built 400 years before any Spaniard came near the Pacific, let alone crossed the Atlantic for falling off the edge of the world. So we ask the question again – who were these Caucasians making red haired megalithic statues in their own likeness in the middle of the Pacific?
Robert Langdon unwittingly provides the answer in the following excerpt from his book;
"Professor Jean Dausset, one of the co-discoverers of the HLA system, did a study of the Easter Islanders. in 1972 (published in Copenhagen in 1973 in a 778-page volume entitled Histocompatibility Testing,1972 ).
Professor Dausset and his colleagues took particular pains to ensure that the islanders they examined were of pure Easter Island descent. 'We aimed', they said in a report on their work, 'a selection of individuals where no known foreign admixture had taken place, even from other Polynesian islands.' They explained that their work was based on genealogies compiled by father Sebastian Englert, a priest who lived on Easter Island for 35 years until just before his death in 1969. They also used data assembled by previous biological investigators and interviewed several elderly islanders about foreign admixture on the island. However, during their investigations some islanders who had been included as 'pure' natives in previous studies were said to be members of families where admixture from other islands and even Europeans, had taken place. All these individuals were therefore excluded, 'as was done consistently whenever doubts were raised.'
Forty nine islanders of reputedly pure descent were blood tested. To their surprise the A29,B12 haplotype was common amongst these people, genes that are characteristic of early European Caucasians. In Basque country, another enclave of ancient European genes, tests were also carried out and 144 pure Basques agreed to take part in the tests. All were residents of the village of Macaye in the heart of the French Pyrenees. The analyses revealed that 39% of unrelated Basques and 37% of the Easter Islanders were carriers of the HLA gene B12. These were the highest and second highest proportions tested throughout the world. The figures for A29 were similar. The Easter Islanders, with 37%, had the highest proportion in the world, while the Basques were second with 24%. The most remarkable thing was; that the two genes were found as a haplotype (combined genetic markers) in 11% of Easter islanders and 7.9% of the Basques. No other people in the world had remotely comparable figures."
In fact the Easter Islanders appeared to be of a more pure Caucasian racial stock than the Basques! Hardly the gene pool expected from the motley crew of the San Lesmes.
Their isolation in South America and then the Pacific has ensured their racial purity through time.
A great deal of work has been done studying the Basques and many scientists have come to the conclusion that the Basques have the purest Caucasian genes, yet their genes show that they were not in Europe between 13,000 and 6,000 years ago. Their absence during this period shielded them from the Indo-European interbreeding that occured amongst the Central European tribes.
My belief is that these people were Native Americans albeit Caucasian Native Americans.
The Easter Islanders are a fragment of this ancient civilization who according to the Rongo Rongo scripts (see Appendix), departed from Puna Island, Peru.
Further studies will need to be undertaken to identify whether the Easter Island genes come from the original Cro Magnon man that entered America from Spain (Clovis/Solutrean), or whether the South American Caucasians (as seen in the red haired Paracas mummies) were from other ancient mariners associated with the Phoenicians, Egyptians, Hittites, Sumerians, the people of Ur or Harrappa?
The other possibility is that they are a combination of both Ancient Native American Caucasians and Bronze age Caucasians, which is what the Rongo Rongo decipherment (see Appendix) seems to indicate.
Having said this, we must remember that Egyptians relate their history back to Atlantis, therefore their genes were also from a branch of the Native American Caucasians.
As all of the above people were originally from Atlantis, their genes would originally have been of the same racial stock as the Basques. The time of separation is the question that needs to be answered.
Papyrus rafts and the Rapa script suggest that they were from the Indus/Persian gulf region between 3-5,000 years ago, conversly, their racial purity suggests they were from a region isolated from Indo-European mixing.
South America and the Caribbean are the two most likely areas where these people remained isolated from insurgent populations.
The Rongo Rongo tablets speak of ancient people from Tulapin or Turtle Island, now the Grand Bahama banks, and the Children of the Sun - from Tiahuanaco/Lake Titicaca.
You may want to read the Appendix on Rongo Rongo script. It is quite clear in its description of the slow and persistent persecution of these Caucasian groups in South America, leading to an Exodus into the Pacific led by Con tiki Viracocha.
The following is an edited down version of a paper that can be found in the links at the end of the website. Although it does not consider America as part of the story, it does mention the connection between the North African and the North American Na Dene language. It also mentions that the Sahara started to dry out 18,000 years ago, which could have precipitated an exodus, but then it mentions that the migration to Iberia only occurred between 6,000 and 4,500BC. Did these people remain huddled in a tent in the mid Sahara for 10,000 years or were they in America for this time? The seafaring prowess of the descendants of these people (Celts, Phoenicians and Vikings) suggest that major oceanic voyages featured highly in their history, not camel herding. Other genetic papers confirm that these people appear to have been in genetic isolation for at least 7,000 years.
Wairaki Maori showing distinctivly caucasian features -
from; Martin doutres book Ancient Celtic NZ
Despite all this, genetic evidence as well as Maori history quite clearly shows that the majority of Maori ancestors were originally from Hawaii, but not necessarily as a direct voyage. Their arrival was from interim islands in French Polynesia, such as Ra'iatea and Ra'rotonga. On these islands, they spent a number of generations and mixed with Melanesians from the West and Caucasians from the East to varying degrees. Each island having it's own unique mix. As a result, each of these canoes had a slight racial variation, some darker with curly hair, some lighter with reddish hair. Today the result of their journey across the Pacific can be seen in variations in the appearance and beliefs between the following tribes of New Zealand.
Tribes; Ngapuhi, Te Rarawa, te Aupoouri, Ngati Kahu
Tribes; Ngati Whatua
Tribes; Waikato, Ngati Maniapoto, Ngati Haua, Ngati Maru, Ngati Paoa, Ngati Raukawa, Ngati Toa, Ngaitai
Canoe; Te Arawa
Tribes; Te Arawa, Ngati Tuwharetoa
Arrived; Mohakatino River
Tribes; Ngati Tama, Ngati Mutunga, Ngati Raahiri, Manukorihi, Puketapu, Te Atiawa, Ngati Maru
Arrived; Aotea Harbour
Ngati Ruanui, Ngarauru, Atihau
Chief; Maungaroa and Ruatea
Tribes; Taranaki, Atihau, Ngati Apa, Rangitaane, Muaupoko
Tribes; Ngati Awa, Tuhoe, Whakatohea, Whanau a Apanui
Arrived; Waiapu River
Tribes; Ngati Porou
Arrived; Ahuahu (Gt Mercury Island)
Tribes; Ngati Porou
Arrived; Waiau River
Tribes; Rongowhakaata, Ngati Kahungunu, Ngaitahu.
Lapita Pottery & Polynesians
Lapita Pottery Small Fijian outrigger from Kabara, Suva Lapita pottery
Lapita pottery has long been held as the key to Polynesian colonization of the Eastern Pacific, despite there being no hard evidence to prove it. In fact the deeper one delves into the archaeology, chronology and gene trees of the Pacific one finds that there is no connection whatsoever between Polynesian and Lapita culture. The following article outlines many of these discrepancies. In fact it is quite embarrassing how poorly the scientists have interpreted the facts.
Lapita pottery is a finely decorated (dentate stamped) coil built, low fired pottery commonly found in archaeological sites in the Western Pacific. The earliest Lapita sites are in the Bismark Archipelago and are dated at 3,900 years BP. The Lapita culture does not predate the arrival of Melanesians, who have lived in New Guinea and it's surrounding Islands for over 40,000 years. Lapita pottery is commonly found in coastal locations on the Islands of New Guinea, Vanuatu, Solomons, New Caledonia, Fiji, Samoa and Tonga. The Lapita people are believed to have spread eastwards and colonized Fiji, Samoa and Tonga ~3,500 years ago which predates the arrival of the Polynesian people in the Pacific by 1,300 years. Lapita pottery is common on most Melanesian islands and is often found associated with Melanesian deposits, but is not found amongst any Eastern Polynesian archaeological deposits in Hawai'i, Rapa Nui, Aoteoroa, Tahiti, Tuamotus, Raiatea, Raivavae or Rarotonga or any other Eastern Polynesian Islands. The archaeological assemblage on Melanesian Islands shows a gradual progression of design styles which merged with classic Melanesian designs such as Mangassi and Naviti styles, marking the end of the Lapita culture in the archaeological record at about 420BC (Matthew Spriggs " The Lapita Cultural Complex"). This was over 400 years before Polynesians arrived in Western Polynesia (Samoa and Tonga).
According to geneticists, Polynesian expansion in the Pacific was rapid. Genetics clearly shows that the pure strain of Eastern Polynesian genes began expanding 2,200 years ago in isolation from all other Pacific cultures, outlined by Bing Su and Mark Stoneking in Polynesian Y Chromozome. Their research also shows that Polynesians finally made contact with Melanesians merely 1,000 years ago. As you will see from evidence presented here, the Lapita people lived at a different time to Polynesians, in a different geographical area and were physically, genetically and culturally different to Polynesians.