Tuesday, October 27, 2009

Open Source Election Software and Liquid democracy

I just hope there will be more intelligent software that eneables MORE VOTING, more INFORMED voting.

Nation’s First Open Source Election Software Released

* By Kim Zetter Email Author
* October 23, 2009 |
* 12:14 pm |
* Categories: E-Voting, Elections



LOS ANGELES — A group working to produce an open and transparent voting system to replace current proprietary systems has published its first batches of code for public review.

The Open Source Digital Voting Foundation (OSDV) announced the availability of source code for its prototype election system Wednesday night at a panel discussion that included Mitch Kapor, creator of Lotus 1-2-3 and co-founder of the Electronic Frontier Foundation; California Secretary of State Debra Bowen; Los Angeles County Registrar-Recorder Dean Logan; and Heather Smith, director of Rock the Vote.

The OSDV, co-founded by Gregory Miller and John Sebes, launched its Trust the Vote Project in 2006 and has an eight-year roadmap to produce a comprehensive, publicly owned, open source electronic election system. The system would be available for licensing to manufacturers or election districts, and would include a voter registration component; firmware for casting ballots on voting devices (either touch-screen systems with a paper trail, optical-scan machines or ballot-marking devices); and an election management system for creating ballots, administering elections and counting votes.

“How we vote has become just as important as who we vote for,” Miller told the audience of filmmakers and technologists who gathered at the Bel-Air home of film producer Lawrence Bender to hear about the project. “We think it is imperative that the infrastructure on which we cast and count our ballots is an infrastructure that is publicly owned.”

Miller said the foundation wasn’t looking to put voting system companies out of business but to assume the heavy burden and costs of research and development to create a trustworthy system that will meet the needs of election officials for reliability and the needs of the voting public for accessibility, transparency, security and integrity.

“We believe we’re catalyzing a re-birth of the industry … by making the blueprint available to anyone who wants to use it,” Miller said.

The foundation has elicited help from academics and election officials from eight states as well as voter advocacy groups, such as Rock the Vote and the League of Women Voters, to guide developers in building the system. Technology bigwigs such as Oracle, Sun and IBM have also approached the group to help with the project.

“That was unexpected,” Miller said.

The code currently available for download and review represents only a small part of the total code and includes parts of an online voter registration portal and tracking system, election management software and a vote tabulator. Prototype code for producing ballots has been completed and will be posted soon. Code for auditing is still being designed.

The voting firmware and tabulator program are built on a minimized Linux platform (a stripped down version of Sharp) and the election management components are built with Ruby on Rails.

The foundation already has California, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Vermont and Washington interested in adopting the system and is in talks with 11 other states. Florida, which has been racked by voting machine problems since the 2000 presidential debacle, has also expressed interest, as has Georgia, which uses machines made by Premier Election Solutions (formerly Diebold Election Systems) statewide.

“Currently two vendors impact 80 percent of the vote” nationwide, Miller said, referring to Premier/Diebold and Election Systems & Software, which recently merged in a sale. But if all the states that have expressed interest in adopting the open source system follow through with implementing it, about 62 percent of the nation’s electorate would be voting on transparent, fully auditable machines he said.

The foundation is especially interested in getting a system that would be workable in Los Angeles County, the nation’s largest and most complex election district with 4.3 million voters casting ballots in seven languages.

“If Los Angeles County figures this out, we will have solved the problems for the rest of the country,” Miller said.

Kapor called the project “a breath of fresh air” and said it symbolized the kind of “disruptive innovation” that has characterized all of the best technological developments over the last thirty years.

Photo (left to right): Dean Logan, Mitch Kapor, Heather Smith, Debra Bowen, Gre

liquid democracy


A democratic system in which most issues are decided by direct referendum. However, since no one has time for this, you can delegate your votes. Here’s the cool part; you can delegate your votes on a certain topic to one person, and then delgate your votes on another topic to someone else. And delegations are transitive; you can delegate to someone who delegates to someone else, etc, in which case your votes will flow to whoever is at the end of the line. Of course, you can “un-delegate” at any time.

So, say you don’t know much about the space program – you give your votes on things relating to the space program to someone who has similar political views to you but who knows more about the space program (and they can pass the vote on if they choose).


  • solves the “ordinary people have no time to learn about every issue” problem.
  • Can be thought of as RepresentativeDemocracy?, but finer-grained: you don’t have to elect just one guy to represent you on every issue, you can have different specialists for different issues.
  • The vote could be “live”- Not just one tally of the votes. Rather, the vote can “ongoing.” In this system, you could change your vote at any time.
  • It will be easier to have an effect on the political process. Right now, you might care about specific issues, but you can only exert a major effect by helping to get a candidate elected. If you fail to get the candidate elected, the effort you expended is mostly lost. And if you succeed, most of the effect of your effort will go into influencing other issues that the candidate stood for, rather than the issues that you cared about.

:With LiquidDemocracy, you can have an effect on some decisions without, for example, having to convince more than half of the voters in your state to vote Republican.

    • Possibly, this will lead to less voter apathy
    • Avoids GerryMandering? in the process of choosing representatives
    • Makes it easy for experts to vote on issues that they are expert about.



  • abstimmungen von wissens-test begleitet ... wissenstest der zwar nicht das abstimmungsergebnis beeinflusst, aber durch zusaetzliche statistik das ergebnis bewertet. zB 69% der leute die fuer mehr kriegsschiffe stimmten lagen falsch was die menge der vorhanden kriegschiffe angeht.

damit jeder nur einmal abstimmt:

  • biometrie fuer anonymitaet. Fuss+ellbogen+andere hierarchisch unnuetze biometriemekrmale mit fuzzy-logic... ein mensch ist sein eigenes passwort, seine daten werden nicht gespeichert. Er ist der Speicher.


er ist wichtig einen mechanismus zu finden, mit dem jeder waehlen kann, und gleichzeitig anonym bleibt. Loesung: Stimm-berechtigung tauschen mit jemandem!)

  • Eine Nummer (lang, diese nummer ist das passwort) - handy eintippen, waehlen, fertig, wo ist das problem? Jeder muss halt auf seine (getauschte) nummer aufpassen. Diese nummer wird mittels obigem ellbogen-fuss-abdruck-fuzzy biometrie-scanner erzeugt.
http://wiki.piratenpartei.de/Benutzer_Diskussion:Y23 piraten pirat


Liquid democracy is a group-decision-making method that works as a sort of "direct democracy for people who know they're not experts on a subject, but know of people that they trust who who know more about a subject than themselves". Questions are settled by asking everyone... but many people's answer will be "whatever X says".

It works by enabling people to solicit recommendations on how to vote from people they trust. So, people who know nothing about foreign policy but really like the slogan "America first" can get vote recommendations on that subject from people who agree with the basic thrust of those values but who actually know pundits or experts on a given subject who *also* agree with the attitidue - but with serious expertise brought to bear on a given topic (for example "American foriegn policy towards Syria with an 'America First' perspective"). The specific experts may know about areas of American-Syria relations that are apolitical but require enormous knowledge (say, estimates of military capability) and get vote recommendations on these sub-domains from experts who don't share their values... while knowing just as surely that questions about which factions in Syria to *support* is more of a values thing that they'll handle themselves.

In fact, one of the original influences on Liquid Democracy was the desire to replace the chain of command in a military situation with something more efficient and flexible. The idea was that if hierarchy in such a vital situation could be outcompeted on a power versus power basis by something less hierarchical, then hierarchical social decision making system in general would have less credibility.

Superdemocracy geheime Abstimmung stimmabgabe wahlen voting wählen vote votingright electronic democracy secret ballot elections. In geheimer Abstimmung und öffentlichen freien Wahlen Grundgesetz demokratieverständnis democrazy Abstimung Walen Urabstimmung elective informierte Wähler und Wählerinnen Rechtsstaat rechtlich go to the polls referendum plebiszit Verschlüsselte PGP Wahl Superdemokratie abstention Stimmenthaltung Meinungsmache Wahlrecht stimmen franchise suffrage plebiscite electroal college votecaster hanging chad punchcard electronic polling card ballot paper balloting erneut abstimmen vote out vote down niederstimmen überstimmen herauswählen Meinungsumfrage hineinwählen schnell abwählen Meinungsänderung auslaender wahlkampf participation
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Sunday, October 25, 2009

Happy Birthday to you!!


Birthdays are good for you. Statistics show that the people who have the most live the longest.

Wir treten stets als Schüler in die verschiedenen
Lebensalter ein, und oft fehlt es uns an Erfahrung
trotz der Jahre!

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Moondog - muscician's musician RADIO PROGRAMME

mp3 download? please leave a COMMENT underneath this article
if you want me to send you the programme..

The Musician's Musician Soundclash
Von Jens Strüver und Robert Ohm

Moondog, mit bürgerlichem Namen Louis Thomas Hardin, geboren 1916, erblindet 1932, gestorben 1999, war ein musikalischer Außenseiter zwischen den Stühlen der Populärmusik und der Klassischen Avantgarde.

Die Entwicklung seiner Musik von den 1950er-Jahren bis in die 1990er-Jahre hinein bildete meist einen Kontrast zu den musikalischen Strömungen seiner Zeit. Und dennoch war und ist Moondog ein "Musician's Musician", einer, dem gerade die Musiker mit großer Hingabe zuhörten. Sein Werk reißt dabei die Grenze zwischen U- und E-Musik ein. Die erste Generation von Minimal-Music-Komponisten wie Steve Reich und Philip Glass bezeichneten ihn später als "Leader of the Pack" oder "Founder of Minimalism". Und obwohl Moondog sich vielmehr in der Tradition des Kontrapunkt verortet wissen wollte, strahlt der Einfluss seines Werkes auf alle minimalistischen Strömungen tanzbarer elektronischer Musik seit den frühen 1990er-Jahren aus.

Moondog was the pseudonym of Louis Thomas Hardin (May 26, 1916 . September 8, 1999), a blind American composer, musician, cosmologist, poet, and inventor of several musical instruments. Although these achievements would have been considered extraordinary for any blind person, Moondog further removed himself from society through his decision to make his home on the streets of New York for approximately twenty of the thirty years he spent in the city. The public began to appreciate the extent of Moondog's talents only in the final decades of Moondog's life, primarily because of his stubborn refusal to wear anything other than his own home-made clothes
all based on his own interpretation of the Norse god Thor. He was known for much of his life as "The Viking of 6th Avenue".

Born in to an Episcopalian family in Marysville, Kansas, the young Louis Hardin started playing a set of drums that he made himself from a cardboard box at the age of five. His family relocated to Wyoming, opening a trading post at Fort Bridger and Hardin attended school in a couple of small towns. At one point Hardin's father took him to an Arapaho Sun Dance where he sat on the lap of Chief Yellow Calf and played a tomtom made from buffalo skin. It was this exposure to Native American instruments and rhythms that would shape his music.

Hardin played drums in Hurley High School before losing his sight in a farm accident at the age of 16. After learning the principles of music in several schools for blind young men across middle America, he taught himself the skills of ear training and composition. Principally self-taught, he studied with Burnet Tuthill and at the Iowa School for the Blind.

Hardin moved to Batesville, Arkansas. where he lived until 1942 when he got a scholarship to study in Memphis, though the majority of his musical training was self-taught by ear with some theory derived from books in braille. Hardin moved to New York in 1943 where he met noted classical music luminaries such as Leonard Bernstein and Toscanini, as well as legendary jazz performer-composers like Charlie Parker and Benny Goodman whose upbeat tempos and often humorous compositions would influence Hardin's work.

From the late 1940s until 1974, Moondog lived as a street musician and poet in New York City, busking mostly on 53rd Street and 6th Avenue in Manhattan. In addition to his music and poetry, he was also known for the distinctive Viking garb that he wore, which included a horned helmet. He partially supported himself by selling copies of his poetry and his musical philosophy. Because of his street post's proximity to the famed 52nd Street nightclub strip, he was well-known to many jazz musicians and fans.

In 1947 Hardin adopted the pen name "Moondog" in honor of a dog "who used to howl at the moon more than any dog I knew of." In 1949 he traveled to a Blackfoot Sun Dance in Idaho where he performed on percussion and flute, returning to the Native American music he first came in contact with as a child. It was this Native music, along with contemporary jazz and classical, mixed with the ambient sounds from his environment (city traffic, ocean waves, babies crying, etc.) that created the foundation of Moondog's music.

In 1954, he won a case in the New York State Supreme Court against disc jockey Alan Freed, who had branded his radio show, "The Moondog Rock and Roll Matinee", around the name "Moondog", using "Moondog's Symphony" (the first record that Moondog ever cut) as his "calling card". Being a homeless person, he believed he would not have won the case had it not been for the help of musicians such as Benny Goodman and Arturo Toscanini, who testified that he was a serious composer. Freed had to apologize and stop using the nickname "Moondog" on air, on the basis that Hardin was known by the name long before Freed began using it.

Moondog had an idealised view of Germany ("The Holy Land with the Holy River" . the Rhine), where he settled in 1974.

Eventually, a young German studentnamed Ilona Goebel helped Moondog set up the primary holding company for his artistic endeavors and hosted him, first in Oer-Erkenschwick, and later on in Münster in Westphalia, Germany, where he spent the remainder of his life.

Moondog visited America briefly in 1989, for a tribute in which Philip Glass asked him to conduct the Brooklyn Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra, at the New Music America Festival in Brooklyn, stimulating a renewed interest in his music.

He recorded many albums, and toured both in the U.S. and in Europe . France, Germany and Sweden.

Moondog's music took its inspiration from street sounds, such as the subway or a foghorn. It tended to be relatively simple but characterized by what he called "snaketime" and described as "a slithery rhythm, in times that are not ordinary [...] I'm not gonna die in 4/4 time"

Moondog's work was early championed by Artur Rodzi.ski, the conductor of New York Philharmonic in the 1940s. He released a number of 78s, 45s and EPs of his music in the 1950s, as well as several LPs on a number of notable jazz labels, including an unusual record of stories for children with actress Julie Andrews in 1957. For ten years no new recordings were heard from Moondog until producer James William Guercio took him into the studio to record an album for Columbia Records in 1969. The track "Stamping Ground", with its odd preamble of Moondog saying one of his epigrams,
as featured on the sampler double album Fill Your Head with Rock (CBS, 1970). The melody from the track "Bird's Lament (In memory of Charlie Parker)" was later sampled by Mr. Scruff as the basis for his song "Get a Move On", which was then used in commercials for the Lincoln Navigator SUV.

A second album produced with Guercio featured one of Moondog's daughters as a vocalist and contained song compositions in canons and rounds. The album did not make as large an impression in popular music as the first had. The two CBS albums were re-released as a single CD in 1989.

In a search for new sounds, Moondog also invented several musical instruments, including a small triangular-shaped harp known as the "Oo", another which he named the "Ooo-ya-tsu", and (perhaps his most well-known) the "Trimba", a triangular percussion instrument that the composer invented in the late 40s. The original Trimba is still played today by Moondog's friend Stefan Lakatos, a Swedish percussionist, to whom Moondog also explained the methods for building such an instrume

Moondog inspired other musicians . several tracks by other artists were dedicated to him. These include "Moondog" by Pentangle (from the 1968 album 'Sweet Child'), "Moondog" by DJ Scotch Egg (from the album Scotchhausen) and "Spear for Moondog" (parts I and II) by jazz/funk organist Jimmy McGriff (from his 1968 Electric Funk album). The Beatles were called Johnny and the Moondogs before they chose their more famous name. The English pop group Prefab Sprout included the song "Moondog" on their album Jordan: The Comeback released in 1990 as a tribute to Hardin. Big Brother and the Holding Company featuring Janis Joplin covered the song "All Is Loneliness" on their 1967 album Big Brother and the Holding Company. Ninja Tune recording artist Mr. Scruff released a single, "Get a Move On", which was structured around samples from "Bird's Lament". The song appeared on his album Keep It Unreal. A photo of Moondog can be seen on the wall of The Residents The Bunny Boy's Secret Room, along with numerous other composers The Residents seem to like. New York band The Insect Trust plays a cover of Moondog's song "Be a Hobo" on their album Hoboken Saturday Night. Moondog is portrayed briefly in a street scene in the beginning of Todd Haynes' 2007 film I'm Not There. The disc-jockey Alan Freed used Hardin's song "Moondog Symphony" as the signature tune of his show "The Moondog House" and billed himself as "The King of the Moondoggers". He did so without Hardin's permission though and had to stop using both after Hardin sued him


* "Snaketimes Rhythm" (1949-1950), SMC
* "Moondog's Symphony" (1949-1950), SMC
* "Organ Rounds" (1949-1950), SMC
* "Oboe Rounds" (1949-1950), SMC
* "Surf Session" (c. 1953), SMC
* "Caribea Sextet"/"Oo Debut" (1956), Moondog Records
* "Stamping Ground Theme" (from the Holland Pop Festival) (1970), CBS


* Improvisations at a Jazz Concert (1953), Brunswick
* Moondog on the Streets of New York (1953), Decca/Mars
* Pastoral Suite / Surf Session (1953), SMC
* Moondog & His Honking Geese Playing Moondog's Music (1955), Moondog Records


* Moondog and His Friends (1953), Epic
* Moondog (1956), Prestige
* More Moondog (1956), Prestige
* The Story of Moondog (1957), Prestige
* Tell It Again (with Julie Andrews) (1957), Angel/Capital
* Moondog (not the same as the 1956 LP) (1969), Columbia
* Moondog 2 (1971), Columbia
* Moondog in Europe (1977), Kopf
* H'art Songs (1978), Kopf
* Moondog: Instrumental Music by Louis Hardin (1978), Musical Heritage Society
* A New Sound of an Old Instrument (1979), Kopf
* Facets (1981), Managarm
* Bracelli (1986), Kakaphone
* Elpmas (1992), Kopf
* Sax Pax for a Sax with the London Saxophonic (1994), Kopf/Atlantic
* Big Band (1995), Trimba
* To a Grain of Rice (1996), Paradise
* Bracelli und Moondog (2005 Laska Records


* More Moondog/The Story of Moondog (1991), Original Jazz Classics
* Moondog/Moondog 2 (2001), Beat Goes On
* The German Years 1977.1999 (2005), ROOF Music
* Un hommage à Moondog tribute album (2005), trAce label
* The Viking Of 6th Avenue (2005) Honest Jons
* Rare Material (2006), ROOF Music

Various artist compilations

* New York 19 (edited by Tony Schwarz) (1954), Folkways
* Music in the Streets (edited by Tony Schwarz) (1954), Folkways
* Rosey 4 Blocks (arrangement by Andy Forsythe (1958), Rosey
* Fill Your Head With Rock (1970), CBS
* The Big Lebowski motion picture soundtrack (1998), Mercury
* Fsuk vol. 3: The Future Sound of the United Kingdom (1998), Fsuk
* Miniatures 2 (2000), Cherry Red
* DJ Kicks (2006), Henrik Schwarz K7 Records
* Pineapple Express[Motion Picture Sound Track] (2008), Track 9. Birds Lament, Moondog & The London Saxophonic.

Moondog's music as performed by other musicians

* Moondog and Suncat Suite by British Jazz musician Kenny Graham, featuring one side of interpretations of the work of Moondog (1957)
* "All Is Loneliness" by Big Brother and the Holding Company, featuring Janis Joplin (1967)
* Canons on the Keys by Paul Jordan (1978), unreleased
* "Theme and Variations" performed by John Fahey on the album Rain Forests, Oceans, and Other Themes (1985)[6]
* Lovechild Plays Moondog 7" on Forced Exposure (1990)
* "All is Loneliness" by Motorpsycho (Album: Demon Box - 1993)
* Alphorn of Plenty by Hans Kennel (1995), Hat Art
* "Synchrony Nr. 2" by Kronos Quartet (1997)
* Trees Against the Sky compilation album (1998), SHI-RA-Nui 360°
* "Get a Move On" (remix of "Bird's Lament (In Memory of Charlie Parker") by Mr. Scruff on Keep It Unreal (1999)
* "All Is Loneliness" by Antony and the Johnsons, live (2005)
* "Sidewalk Dances" - Joanna MacGregor & Britten Sinfonia (2005) Sound Circus SC010
* "Moondog Sharp Harp" by Xenia Narati (2006), Ars Musici
* "Paris" by Jens Lekman, live (2007)

Scotto, Robert. Moondog, The Viking of 6th Avenue: The Authorized Biography. Process Music edition (22 November 2007) ISBN 9780976082286 (preface by Philip Glass)
American composer and musician, called a visionary by his peers. Born Louis Thomas Hardin in Marysville, Kansas, he was blinded by a blasting cap at age 16, an event which dramatically changed the course of his life. While studying at the Iowa school of the blind he became interested in music and eventually decided to devote his life to it. He traveled for some years, hitch-hiking across the country several times, before settling in New York City in 1943. For the next 30 years he lived there as a street person, and became known as "the Viking of 6th Avenue". He legally changed his name to "Moondog" in 1947, and used that name exclusively for the rest of his life. He was involved with many famous people of the day, among them Artur Rodinski, Arturo Toscanini, Leonard Bernstein, Marlon Brando, Charlie Parker, and Bob Dylan. During this "New York period" he had a number of performances and recordings of his work: he recorded with Julie Andrews; appeared on stage with such personalities as Alan Ginsberg, Lenny Bruce, and Tiny Tim; and he recorded solo and chamber music albums for Columbia. Despite this exposure, he didn't reach the point of self-supporting musical success until his move to Germany in 1974, where he lived most of the rest of his life. In Germany he wrote a tremendous volume of music and made numerous recordings; a great deal of his music still needs to be transcribed from the Braille. His career was thriving in 1999, when he died of complications from diabetes. Musicians around the world (Paul Jordan; Stefan Lakatos; Xenia Narati; et al) continue to perform and promote his music, and an authorized biography (by Peter Scotto) was released in 2007.

grave image http://image1.findagrave.com/photos/2008/134/26814969_121079585978.jpg

Louis (Moondog) Hardin, 83, Musician, Dies


The gaunt, blind musician known as Moondog, who was celebrated among New Yorkers for two decades as a mysterious and extravagantly garbed street performer but who went on to win acclaim in Europe as an avant-garde composer, conducting orchestras before royalty, died Wednesday in a hospital in Munster, Germany. He was 83.

The cause was heart failure, said a friend, Ilona Sommer.

Day in and day out, the man who was originally named Louis T. Hardin was as taciturn and unchanging a landmark of the midtown Manhattan streetscape as the George M. Cohan statue in Duffy Square. From the late 1940s until the early 1970s, Hardin stood at attention like a sentinel on Avenue of the Americas around 54th Street.

No matter the weather, he invariably dressed in a homemade robe, sandals, a flowing cape and a horned Viking helmet, the tangible expression of what he referred to as his "Nordic philosophy." At his side he clutched a long spear of his own manufacture.

Most of the passers-by who dismissed him as "the Viking of Sixth Avenue," offering him contributions and buying copies of his music and poetry, were unaware that he had recorded his music on the CBS, Prestige, Epic, Angel and Mars labels. Hardin's jazz-accented compositions, generally scored for small wind and percussion ensembles, often achieved a flowing, tonal symphonic style.

One of his songs, "All Is Loneliness," became a hit when recorded by Janis Joplin. He wrote music for radio and television commercials, and one of his compositions was used on the soundtrack for the 1972 movie "Drive, He Said," with Jack Nicholson.

Along the way, Hardin wrote Bohemian broadsides against government regimentation, the world monetary system and organized religion. He was celebrated by Beat Generation poets and late-1960s flower children. His passionate unconventionality drew praise from some critics and led to interviews on many television shows, including both "Today" and "The Tonight Show."

Although many New Yorkers assumed that he had died after he vanished from his customary post in 1974, Hardin had actually been invited to perform his music in West Germany and decided to stay.

"He led an extraordinary life for a blind man who came to New York with no contacts and a month's rent, and who lived on the streets of New York for 30 years," said Dr. Robert Scotto, a professor of English at Baruch College of the City University of New York. "Without question, he was the most famous street person of his time, a hero to a generation of hippies and flower children." Scotto has just completed a biography of Hardin, "Moondog: The Viking of Sixth Avenue," which has not been published.

After his performances in Hamburg, Hardin again earned a living as a street performer, this time in Europe. He soon met Mrs. Sommer, whose father insisted on taking him into their home and supported Hardin in his later years. He composed in Braille, and she transcribed his music and acted as his publisher and business manager. According to Scotto, they had an intimate working relationship, but neither of them ever described it as more than that.

In his later years, Hardin produced at least five albums in Europe, including a "sound saga" titled "The Creation," and regularly performed his compositions with chamber and symphony orchestras before glittering audiences in Paris, Stockholm and cities in Germany.

Harding adopted the Moondog name in 1947, identifying himself, he said, with a former pet who howled at the moon.

He was born in Maryville, Kan., on May 26, 1916, the son of an Episcopal minister. He was blinded at the age of 16 when a dynamite blasting cap exploded in his hands. A year later, after studying stringed instruments, organ and harmony at the Iowa School for the Blind, he became obsessed with becoming a composer.

When he arrived in Manhattan in 1943, he established an outpost outside the stage entrance of Carnegie Hall and met some of the New York Philharmonic's musicians. They arranged a meeting with their conductor, Artur Rodzinski. Rodzinski was taken with Hardin and not only extended an open invitation to attend the orchestra's rehearsals, but also promised he would conduct an orchestral work if Hardin ever wrote one.

But because he was blind, he needed help in writing out the score. Hardin could not afford such assistance, so he made his living as a street musician, training himself to be a master of percussion improvisation. He was unable to compose a symphony until after Rodzinski left the Philharmonic in 1947.

In the mid-1950s, one of his 78-rpm recordings, "Moondog Symphony," was regularly played by Alan Freed, the pioneering rock-and-roll disk jockey. But it wasn't until the 1960s that Hardin had regular access to an orchestra and was able to make his first longer album for CBS, "Moondog."

In 1989, Hardin, acclaimed in Europe, was invited back to the United States to conduct the Brooklyn Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra.

Allan Kozinn, a critic for The New York Times, described Hardin's conducting style as unusual, explaining that he was "uncomfortable with being an authority figure, so he sits to the side of the orchestra and provides the beat on a bass drum or tympani."

Scotto said that Hardin told him that he married in 1943 and subsequently divorced. A second marriage, to Sazuko Whiteing, a musician, in the 1950s, ended in divorce in the early 1960s, Scotto said.

Scotto and Mrs. Sommer said they thought Hardin was survived by a younger brother, Creighton Hardin, of Kansas City; a daughter, June Hardin, and another daughter, whose name and whereabouts they did not know.

In the end, Hardin finally yielded to Mrs. Sommer's coaxing and gave up his Viking outfits. He had refused to alter his dress code even when, as an aspiring composer, it provoked his eviction from the Philharmonic rehearsals.

"But I still love horned helmets and swords and spears," he said in a 1989 interview. "I like to feel that I'm loyal to my past. I wouldn't want to be on the street anymore. But you know, that led to a lot of things."

when he was permanently blinded when he mistakenly toyed with a blasting cap
lost his sight while tinkering with a blasting cap
at 16, a blasting cap he was examining exploded in his face and blinded him
In 1929, a dynamite blasting cap exploded in his face

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Bullionist Professor on Radio New Zealand

From Radio New Zealand, Sunday Mornings:

makes some sense, explains the way one should think about money.

Professor Antal Fekete
Saturday, October 24, 2009 22:45 PM
The Gold Standard is a currency system based around the premise that a paper-note's value is exchangeable for an agreed and pr
edetermined volume of gold. Countries have universally retired this system replacing it with the 'fiat system' of legal tender
. Professor Antal Fekete is a world renowned monetary expert and mathematician who believes it's time to bring back the gold a
s the standard.

Media files: LISTEN: DOWNLOAD MP3:

Leading authority on Gold, Austrian School of Economics, real bills, financial matters Professor Antal E. Fekete is a renowned mathematician and monetary scientist. This site will illuminate some of his important ideas in the areas of:

* Fiscal and Monetary Reform
* Gold Standard University
* Real Bills Doctrine
* Basis
* Discount versus Interest
* Gold and Interest

In 1974 Professor Fekete delivered a talk on gold in Paul Volker.s seminar at Princeton University. Later, Professor Fekete was Visiting Fellow at the American Institute for Economic Research and Senior Editor for The American Economic Foundation. In 1996 his essay, Whither Gold?, was awarded first prize in the international currency essay contest sponsored by Bank Lips, the Swiss bank.

For many years an expert on central bank bullion sales and hedging, and their effects on the gold price and the gold mining industry itself, he now devotes his time to writing and lecturing on fiscal and monetary reform with special regard to the role of gold and silver in the monetary system.

At this moment, when the world.s monetary system appears increasingly shaky, Prof Fekete details why the current paradigm is flawed and how the problems must be dealt with. This is almost taboo in the main stream financial media. Prof Fekete explains it as a gold crisis, not a dollar crisis. Those who doubt it would do well to recall that every fiat* money system ever tried . and history is littered with examples . failed.

* Money that is not backed by, or convertible to, any specific commodity and whose only value is that determined by government.

Antal E. Fekete, Professor of Mathematics and Statistics, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada, is a proponent of the gold standard and critic of the current monetary system.

His theories fall into the school of economic thought led by Carl Menger. His support of the gold standard has similarities to Austrian Economics; however, Fekete's treatment of fractional-reserve banking is different from that of Murray Rothbard.

Professor Fekete is an autodidactic on monetary economics. During his associations with various universities and institutions he has done research and lectured on economics.

Professor Fekete has several points of criticism against mainstream economics, the main being that equilibrium models are not fitting for a highly non-linear world. Instead he proposes a disequilibrium theory, based on Mengerian principles of conversion. Other criticism may be summarized as the teleologal use of econometrics by economists and the disingenuous treatment of any research on the gold standard. [4]

In 1984 Professor Fekete was invited by the American Institute for Economic Research in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, to spend a year as Visiting Fellow. He served as Editor of the Monograph Series of the Committee for Monetary Research and Education [5], then headquartered in Greenwich, Connecticut, while contributing several monographs to the Series, reproduced on his website.[6] He also acted as Senior Editor for the American Economic Foundation in Cleveland, Ohio, and produced a pamphlet series Ten Pillars of Sound Money. When in 1984 South Africa celebrated the 100th anniversary of discovering gold in the Witwatersrand, at the conference Gold 100 commemorating that event in Johannesburg Professor Fekete delivered the keynote address entitled Gold in the International Monetary System. He is an invited speaker for several institutions, delivering keynote addresses on monetary economics.

Professor Fekete is a protagonist of the Real bills doctrine also going by the name of Quality Theory of Money. Conceived by Adam Smith, the Real Bills Doctrine is relevant to the world economy in the 21st century. Professor Fekete.s position can be summed up as follows : self-liquidating short-dated commercial paper on goods in most urgent demand by consumers will be indispensable in order to restore monetary stability in the world after a possible collapse of the regime of irredeemable currency. The solution is a worldwide gold coin standard cum real bills. Redeemable currency must flow and ebb together with the production of consumer goods moving to the market apace. Without real bills financing the economy would lack much-needed elasticity, and trade may even seize up causing depressions. Real bills would spring up and start circulating spontaneously. Banks would wither away as they could no longer trust each other.s promises, and no one would trust their promise to pay gold. Real bill circulation would overtake banking. However, present economic thinking, epitomized by J.M. Keynes, criticized the gold standard for being the cause of the depression. Real Bills (those maturing into gold coin held by the final consumer) were suppressed by legislation, mainly in 1909 in France and Germany, obliging their civil servants to accept paper money in lieu of the gold coin of the realm as well as by the advent of World War I, destroying whatever trust was left between merchants worldwide.[7] The worldwide gold coin standard would seriously reduce government sizes and their ability to run large deficits

Professor Fekete maintains that the influx of fresh monetary metal into an area is not inflationary and contends that it is a widespread academic myth. Pointing out the difference between discount and interest, emerging new gold will give rise to a diminishing discount rate on real bills. The real bills would be drawn on newly manufactured goods. Both goods and bills disappear from circulation, as soon as the final gold paying consumer withdraws his goods from the shop. A high discount rate would tend to draw gold to a region and a low discount rate would tend otherwise. If and when new gold purchasing media comes to the market, discount rates on real bills would drop. hence it unattractiveness for investors. Previously submarginal goods would as a result of the new purchasing media become marginal again. Manufacturing of new goods would emerge together with new gold. Real Bills are withdrawn from circulation after one season (being 91 days maximum). New purchasing media are therefor not inflationary. The assumption is an honest and publicly scrutinized discount system, rejecting the Acceptance House shelter or rollover practices of real bills and phantom goods, which would be inflationary. If prices of certain or all goods were rising under an unadulterated gold standard there would be another explanation, e.g. war.

Fekete disputes the claims of "naked shorting" of precious metals markets. He contends that holders of monetary metal are to a large extent professionals and are using the futures market to hedge their physical long positions with an equivalent short in the futures market, in much the same way as a grain elevator operator. The offsetting of long positions with short futures would only appear to be naked, as participants to the futures market are under no obligation to divulge their hedge. [16][17] The long time contango of the futures market is what provides metal holders (longs) with an income. This type of professional trading is known as Basis Trading. If spot prices of gold or silver are permanently above their futures price, the precious metals market is going into permanent backwardation. According to Fekete, the silver market being more volatile and narrower, once going into permanent backwardation, will function as an early warning system for the end of the fiat currency system.

It may be noted that mainstream economic theorists criticize gold standard-oriented monetary economists and vice-versa.

Bullionism is an economic theory that defines wealth by the amount of precious metals owned. Bullionism is an early or primitive form of mercantilism. It was derived, in the 16th century, from the observation that the English state possessed large amounts of gold and silver, in spite of the fact that there was no mining of precious metals on English soil, because of its large trade surplus.

Thomas Milles (1550-1627) and others recommended increasing exports in order to get a trade surplus, converting it into precious metals and hindering the drain of money and precious metal to other countries. Although England practised the interdiction of exportation of £ or precious metals at about 1600, Milles desired to return to staple ports in order to force merchants from abroad to use their assets to buy English goods and to prevent them from transferring gold or silver from England homewards. But Milles was not viewed as one who had any valuable words to say on the subject, as one of his contemporaries wrote ..Milles was so much out of step with the time that his pamphlets had little influence....

Gerard de Malynes (1586 - 1641), another bullionist, published a book, called A Treatise of the Canker of England's Common Wealth, in which he asserted that the exchange of foreign currency had been a trade of value rather than exchanging the weight of metals. Therefore the unfair exchanging of precious metals by bankers and money changers, would result in the deficit of English balance of trade. In order to ban the flow of exchange rates, he demanded the strict fixing of exchange rates for coins, only by the concentration of precious metals and weights and for strict regulation and monitoring of foreign trade. But de Malynes did not convince his contemporaries ..that the cambists were responsible for gold outflow or to elicit enthusiasm for a monopoly sale of exchange, par pro pari, by the royal exchanger." But he succeeded in creating the first economic controversy: Edward Misselden opposed him 1623 in his book The Circle of Commerce: Or, the Balance of Trade.

further reading:





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TIME is ever faster, we are stressed, we have modern gizmos.
Old people and Children don't get enough attention because they take too much time to deal with and the return on investment is low.

Many books are written about decelerates, decrease the velocity of life,
slow down, slow-food etc but they mostly tell us how to organise time.

The only solution is ABDICATION. We do not need the latest machine to speed up time.

Den Tagesrhythmus bestimmt seine Herde
Zwischen Arbeit und Freizeit unterscheidet Norbert Fischer nicht. Der schwäbische Schafskäser lebt mit 110 Schafen im Hohenloher Land.
Bewusst, langsam und genussvoll
Der gemeinnützige Verein "Slow Food" hat es sich zum Ziel gesetzt, die Kultur des Essens und Trinkens zu pflegen und lebendig zu halten.
Leben mit Zeit
Warum haben wir nie Zeit?
Haben wir wirklich zu wenig Zeit oder setzen wir uns selbst unter Druck? Prof. Karlheinz Geißler beschäftigt sich seit Jahren mit dem Phänomen.
Zeitdruck - Alltag in der Notaufnahme
Wenn es um das Leben eines Menschen geht, zählt jede Sekunde - ob Tag oder Nacht. Dieser Druck ist für Chirurg Heiko Himmelreich Alltag.
vivo unterwegs im Uhrenmuseum
Die größte Uhrensammlung Deutschlands rund um das Phänomen Zeit lockt mit über 8000 Objekten, darunter 2500 Uhren.

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Saturday, October 24, 2009

pure stock super stock deceptive generic imagery

a purestock superstock royalty free photo example - skelett blue skin torso

Using business propaganda images can give the deceptive impression that a company has many employees, whereas it MAY BE just a one-man-show.


is an example for the use of such stock-images:


Custom Crafted Software, Inc.
is committed to bringing you a consistently high level of service. Our customers deserve the highest quality services and technology available and we are committed to providing it. We provide the following services:

                • Site management
                • Information technology analysis, strategy and design
                • Network design and support
                • Ongoing consultation
                • On-site maintenance and support
                • Project management
                • Database management, design and integrity
                • Website design, maintenance and hosting with 24/7 support
                • Technical writing
                • Process Documentation
                • Quality Assurance Testing
                • Marketing support, including multimedia presentations
                • Custom software design
                • User training - QuickBooks and Microsoft Technologies

is one of their sites... again, images that are pure commerce deception:

Would you like to browse the books offered for sale online?
click here to open our online store and select Books - written by our FWA members.

Are you an author who would like information regarding offering your
books for sale in our online bookstore? Please click on the links below
to download documents or contact our Online Bookstore Staff.

Click here to email our Online Bookstore Staff

If you have a book to submit,
click here to download our FWA Online Bookstore Form

For authors who would like more information about
selling your books in our Online Store,
click here to download our FWA Information Form

They have books about the right topics... probably from a isolationist narrow-minded USA-centric malformed view.

Road to the Third World- Conspiring to Destroy America by Cafaro

Road to the Third World- Conspiring to Destroy America by Cafaro
This is a suspense novel that illustrates the economic, political and social consequences of the excesses of capitalism.
Forgotten Peacekeepers (Hard Cover) by John Capone

Forgotten Peacekeepers (Hard Cover) by John Capone

The United States Constabulary assisted the American military government restore law and order in a war torn Germany, bringing stability to the American Zone of Occupation. They helped to win the peace. They were the Forgotten Peacekeepers.

I wonder what the above book is like. I have a feeling that US-americans after World War II knew what the dangers are. Then the USA-population wanted socialism, i.e. the fruits of labour.
But their rulers (undemocratic corporations, bankers and their executive, the CIA [DULLES]) will never allow people to OWN the means of production and control.
WW2, like nearly all recent wars, was forced on the people by large corporations (Thyssen Krupp, IG Farben). Even the german repugnicans (CDU) have learned that capitalism is the SOURCE OF WAR (read the Ahlener Programm). The JCS will force Obama to have a war (Iran), just like they did with Clinton (Yugoslavia). The USA President is not powerful enough to withstand the militarists and mass murderers (JFK). Bush was their opportunity to have A WAR THAT WILL NOT END IN OUR LIFETIME (because "Terrorist" cannot capitulate, and if some would, their would be synthetic terror).

Images of the real world are preferable:

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Click to view BIG in new window
Original IBM Computer Monitor at inorganic rubbish collection in Birkdale

Click to view BIG in new window
Toilet in Devomport Cinema
vertigo dizzyness by perspective distortion tiles - kacheln perspektive perspektivische verzerrung mc escher klo loo pissoir kinotoilette raumverzerrung

(Click on the image to see more)

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Monday, October 19, 2009

Competition to POSTAL SERVICE - Stamp Maker

From the corporate newspaper, a story that (as always) gives the wrong impression, it misrepresents the world in favour of the rich and powerful. The doctrine here is that PRIVATISATION IS GOOD. Bruce is an unemployable Hairless Hippie who is a great anarchist and a jolly good human! But the embedded Media uses him to spin yet another yarn of the benefits of capitalism.

Illegal bike post rolling again

By FLEUR COGLE - The Timaru Herald
Last updated 12:46 16/10/2009

PIRATE POST: Bruce Henderson has resurrected his Timaru Bike Post service for one day.
PIRATE POST: Bruce Henderson has resurrected his Timaru Bike Post service for one day.

Relevant offers

Pirate postie Bruce Henderson is at it again – 40 years after his original Timaru bike post service was shut down.

Mr Henderson is cycling from the Timaru District Council chambers to the SBS Centre on Morgans Rd to celebrate the opening of Timpex, New Zealand's annual stamp exhibition.

It's the first time since 1950 Timaru has hosted a major stamp exhibition, and Timpex will run until Sunday.

As an 18-year-old just out of Timaru Boys' High School, Mr Henderson was busted for operating the Timaru Bike Post.

These days Mr Henderson holds a respectable job as a publisher, but when he heard Timaru was hosting the exhibition this year, he offered to re-enact his bike post delivery in celebration of the event.

In honour of the occasion, he has even printed his own stamps – which, at 30c, again undercut the official post office stamp rate.

This time, however, his stamps have a more professional look and he has official endorsement: Mayor Janie Annear will cycle with him.

Mr Henderson and two school mates set up the Timaru Bike Post from their office "Moulins Services" in December 1968.

The trio ran the operation for nearly half a year, producing their own stamps and undercutting the New Zealand Post Office delivery rate. They collected mail daily from five centres around Timaru and offered same-day delivery.

The enterprise came to an end in April 1969, when the New Zealand Postmaster General ordered it to stop.

The venture did no lasting damage to Mr Henderson's reputation, though.

"The main result of that brief venture in 1968 was to get Timaru a listing in the International Encyclopedia of Stamps published in the United Kingdom. That's an achievement that Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, Temuka and Geraldine do not have!"


Christchurch stamp collector Hank Smits is chuffed his collection of umbrella stamps has caught the eye of Sally Chye.

Mrs Chye, a Timaru resident, singled Mr Smits' collection out as one of her favourites at the Timpex national stamp exhibition yesterday. But not only did she admire the collection – she was also able to supply Mr Smits with some new information about one of his letters by translating a postmark for him. Mrs Chye was able to translate some kanji – Chinese characters – on a letter.

Mr Smit has been collecting for more than 70 years. He has been collecting umbrella stamps and memorabilia featuring umbrellas for about 10 years and said it was wonderful when people could pass on information.

Timpex 2009 kicked off yesterday with an official opening address from Timaru Mayor Janie Annear, who later donned safety gear and got on her bike to help pirate postie Bruce Henderson re-enact his short-lived (and very illegal) Timaru Bike Post mail delivery run.

The national exhibition is an annual event but this is the first time in 59 years the Timaru Philatelic Society has hosted it.


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Friday, October 16, 2009

Tom Greco - Money US decline

Thomas Greco.s The End of Money and the Future of Civilization

by Richard C. Cook / October 13th, 2009

It.s too late for anyone to pretend that the U.S. government, whether under President Barack Obama or anyone else, can divert our nation from long-term economic decline. The U.S. is increasingly in a state of political, economic, and moral paralysis, caught as it were between the .rock. of protracted recession and the .hard place. of terminal government debt.

Even if the stock market can be shored up by more government borrowing for .stimulus. spending, it.s a temporary reprieve, because nothing can bring back the consumer purchasing power that was lost when the banks stopped pumping money into the economy through out-of-control mortgage lending. We simply no longer have the job base for people to earn the income they need to live.

The underlying cause of the crisis is in fact the debt-based monetary system, whereby the U.S. ruling class long ago sold out our nation and its people to the international banking cartel of which the Rockefeller and Morgan interests have been the chief representatives for over a century. It was lending on a previously unheard of scale for overpriced assets to people and businesses unable to repay that created the bubbles that burst in 2008, not only in the housing market but also in such areas as commercial real estate, equities, commodities, and derivatives. It was an explosion that reverberated throughout the world.

The Obama administration.s response to the crisis has been to print Treasury bonds both for the financial system bailouts and the sputtering Keynesian stimulus that so far has gone substantially into military infrastructure. This bond bubble is what I have referred to as .Obama.s Last Picture Show..

Government debt is fundamentally inflationary. For a generation, the U.S. dollar has been inflating at an increasing rate, with the economy being kept in a growth posture by selling our debt instruments abroad or allowing foreigners holding dollars to purchase property and other assets on our own soil. The website EconomyinCrisis.org reports that in 2007, the most recent year for which data are available, .foreign entities spent $267.8 billion to acquire or establish U.S. businesses..

Foreigners are spending their dollars as fast as possible, because they are now plummeting in value. It.s increasingly clear that sooner rather than later, the dollar will be dumped by foreign purchasers of bonds, particularly China, and possibly even the oil-producing nations.

These nations know full well that bonds denominated in dollars can never be completely repaid, even if the bonds can be rolled over into fresh debt. It.s this dynamic that is dragging the U.S. economy to the cliff, because real economic growth stopped long ago when our manufacturing jobs were exported. This is because most of the growth since Ronald Reagan was elected president in 1980 has been only on paper through financial bubbles. This included the dot.com bubble of the Clinton years that blew up in 2000-2001.

Now, after the Treasury bond bubble of 2009, there is nothing left in America to inflate. With so many jobs gone, the American family home was the last thing of value we owned.

So the air is going out of the tires. Americans who are struggling to work for a living are passive spectators as their jobs, savings, health insurance, pensions, and homes continue to erode in value or even disappear. Last Sunday the Washington Post reported a massive crisis in state and local government pensions. Reporter David Cho wrote, .The financial crisis has blown a hole in the rosy forecasts of pension funds that cover teachers, police officers and other government employees, casting into doubt as never before whether these public systems will be able to keep their promises to future generations of retirees..

So what, if anything, can be done about it?

end of moneyWell, the first thing an intelligent physician does is diagnose the disease. Thomas Greco, in his new book The End of Money and the Future of Civilization (Chelsea Green: 2009) , outlines the increasingly familiar story of how things got so bad, and he tells it as well as anyone has ever done. His style is precise and sometimes academic. Behind it, though, is a passion for truth and the type of rock-solid integrity that refuses to sugar-coat a very bitter pill.

More than that, Greco writes about how to change what has gone wrong. His credentials as an engineer, college professor, author, and consultant are impeccable. His book is among the most important written in this decade. It is truly a book that can alter the world and, if taken seriously, give large numbers of people a practical way to survive the gathering catastrophe.

But unlike most commentators, what Greco offers is not another phony prescription for what the financiers and government should do for us, whether through .restarting. lending or another round of stimulus spending. Rather it.s what we should do for ourselves, and could do much better, if we understood what to do and if big banking and big government just got out of the way.

As I said, at the root is the monetary system, whose failure cannot be understood without a history lesson. So Greco writes about the struggle between banking and democracy that took place in the 1790s when the ink on our new national constitution was barely dry.

It was Alexander Hamilton, the first secretary of the treasury, who compromised the new nation, through what he admitted was .corruption,. by giving the wealthy speculators in Revolutionary War bonds the benefit of federally-sponsored redemption and then by establishing the First Bank of the United States. This early drift toward elitist rule was opposed by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and others who figured in the creation of what later became the Democratic Party.

Greco writes: .While Jefferson favored a stronger union than that which emerged under the Articles of Confederation, he was vehemently opposed to the reconstruction of monarchic government on the American continent.. Hamilton had said frankly that the British monarchy was the best system of government known to man. Part of the monarchic system was the Bank of England, which Hamilton copied when setting up the First Bank.

But Jefferson, who repudiated Hamilton.s elitist platform, was elected president in what was then called .The Revolution of 1800.. Congress refused to renew the Bank.s charter by a single vote when it was up for renewal in 1811.

But the Second Bank of the United States was chartered in 1816 due to the government debt left behind from the War of 1812 against Great Britain. Thus was set up what became known as the .Bank War..

It was President Andrew Jackson who dethroned the bankers from power by pulling government funds out of the Second Bank in 1833. Greco writes that in Jackson.s view: .The .Bank War. was a contest for rulership.would the United States be governed by the people through their elected president and representatives, or by an unelected financial elite through their central bank instrument?.

The modern takeover began in earnest during the Civil War when Congress passed the National Banking Acts in 1863-64 which mandated use of government bonds as bank lending reserves, thereby creating a direct linkage between bank profits and the debt the government was starting to load on the shoulders of taxpayers.

The nation.s fate was sealed with the passage of the Federal Reserve Act in 1913. The deal was that the bankers would control the currency, and thereby the nation.s economy, while the government would be provided with an unlimited amount of inflated dollars to fight its wars.

The bookkeeper.s trick of creating money out of thin air, charging interest for its use, then forcing it down the throats of weaker nations by threat of violence, is what has allowed the Anglo-American empire, since the founding of the Bank of England in 1696, gradually to conquer the world. Though President Woodrow Wilson signed the Federal Reserve Act into law, he saw what that action meant. Greco cites Wilson as writing: .There has come about an extraordinary and very sinister concentration in the control of business in the country.. The great monopoly in this country is the monopoly of big credits..

Among other ill effects, the system has ruined the value of the currency. The inflation caused by large issues of bank-created loans is seized upon by the government which goes along because inflation reduces the cost of its deficits. Investors buy Treasury bonds denominated in Federal Reserve Notes then watch their value evaporate over time. In fact Federal Reserve Notes have lost over 95 percent of their value since they were first introduced.

Moreover, it.s additional inflation caused by bank-generated interest that drives up the costs of goods and services, forcing everyone in the economy to try to defend themselves by raising their prices to the max. Greco spells this out too, which almost every economist in the world, with the exception perhaps of Australia.s James Cumes, overlooks.

Bank interest has other tragic effects. It was high interest rates, for instance, that destroyed the Idaho potato industry. A farmer from that region told me at a conference a few years ago that when interest rates skyrocketed in the early 1980s, he asked the president of one of the Federal Reserve Banks why they did it. The answer was they were .ordered. to raise interest rates by the international banking system.

Make no mistake, it.s the banking system, facilitated by the Fed, not unwary borrowers, who brought on the collapse of 2008.

Now, in 2009, the bankers, mainly those in the U.S., have so shattered the world economy by debt mounted on debt that there may be no reprieve except the creation of a slave society based on rule by the rich over the masses of whatever peons should happen to survive the downturn and its tragic effects on employment, health, the food and water supply, and even our ability to cope with climate change.

The political establishment, expressing itself in pronouncements by organizations like the Council on Foreign Relations, see a future, not of economic democracy or increased financial pluralism, but consolidation of world currencies into a small number overseen at the top by the world.s financial oligarchy. Citing the writings of Benn Steil, the CFR.s Director of International Economics, Greco writes: .The ostensible plan is to reduce global exchange media to three.one each for Europe, the Americas, and Asia. One might reasonably suppose that at a later stage, those three would be combined into one currency also under the control of the global banking elite..

Greco concludes: .The New World Order is upon us..

With ample justification, he even goes apocalyptic, citing The Book of Revelation in demonstrating the import on a spiritual plane of the elitist takeover: .And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand or in their foreheads: And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.. (Revelation 13: 16-17)

But is it really the end, or is there a new world waiting to be born? Greco thinks so. He speaks of the end of an era when unlimited economic growth fed by massive influxes of debt-based money is no longer sustainable. He writes: .That our global civilization cannot continue on its current path seems evident..But I think our collective consciousness is beginning to change. We are becoming aware of limits and are reaching that part of our evolutionary program that says, .Stop!..

Part of the awareness of how to stop must focus on the institutions responsible for the crisis. Greco praises Ron Paul for calling out the Federal Reserve in the 2008 presidential campaign. He cites a statement Paul made to Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan in a 2004 hearing where Paul told Greenspan that the power of the Fed .challenges the whole concept of freedom and liberty and sound money.. Thus Paul and other monetary reformers, though largely ignored by the mainstream media and political establishment, have made it clear that change must start with what really lies at the bottom of elite control: how money is made and who makes it.

Unfortunately, few progressive economists, including Paul Krugman, Joseph Stiglitz, and Robert Reich comprehend the monetary causes of today.s disasters. Instead of demanding reforms that would make money the proper servant of a sustainable economy, most call for more stimulus spending; i.e., more government debt, along with .reform. of a financial system that is corrupt down to its very DNA.

So do we really need the bankers. fake currency, today backed by nothing but a federal deficit of $12 trillion and growing by the day?

Greco says we don.t, and this is what his book about. But it.s not about doing without the necessities of life, or heading for the hills with a gun and backpack. Nor is it about important efforts at macro-level monetary reform like those of the American Monetary Institute, Congressman Dennis Kucinich, or advocates for a basic income guarantee. Rather it.s about individuals, groups, and communities taking control of the monetary system at the grassroots level and creating an entirely new basis for trade than bank-owed debt.

Greco writes about .a new paradigm approach to the exchange function.. The solution, he says, .is to provide interest-free credit to producers within the process of mutual credit clearing. That is the process of offsetting purchases against sales within an association of merchants, manufacturers, and workers. It will eventually include everyone who buys and sells, or makes and receives disbursements of any kind..

Greco is one of the world.s leading experts in describing alternative or complementary currencies. These are self-regulating systems that facilitate .reciprocal exchange,. not using government legal tender but which are still allowed under the currency laws so long as taxes are not evaded.

Greco discusses the large and growing worldwide .LETS. movement.Local Exchange Trading Systems, like the Ithaca HOURS system in Ithaca, New York. He describes the Swiss WIR Bank, the longest-running credit clearing system in the world, with over 70,000 members. He writes about the national and international barter exchanges that involve over 400,000 businesses trading at an annual level of $10 billion.

Greco also describes the world-famous Mondragon Cooperatives from the Basque region of Northern Spain. Started by a Roman Catholic priest in 1941, the Mondragon system, he says, is .the hub of what is probably the most successful and progressive social cooperative economy in modern history..

He also tells the inspiring story of the Argentine trading clubs.the trueques.which, when used with .provincial bonds. issued by regional governments, rescued that country during the 2001 economic collapse brought on by the collusion between the Argentine government and the International Monetary Fund.

Credit clearing is not new. Greco traces it to the medieval European fairs. These exchanges are like banking clearing houses. The world.s largest is the automated clearing house.ACH.operated by the Federal Reserve.

But as Greco points out: .The clearing process need not be restricted to banks; it can be applied directly to transactions between buyers and sellers of goods and services. The LETS systems that have proliferated in communities around the world use the credit clearing process, as do commercial trade exchanges. Credit clearing systems are, in essence, clearing houses.but their members are businesses and individuals instead of banks..

Alternative currency and trading systems, says Greco, are the wave of the future. Even though most only mount up to partial local successes, they show what can be done. Greco likens these efforts to the Wright Brothers. first flight that covered 120 feet. They show, he says, that the potential exists for local, regional, then national and international money-free exchanges that eventually could be joined by a single web-based trading platform. This could eventually get rid of the corruption of debt-money altogether.

Chapter 16 of the book is about .A Regional Economic Development Plan Based on Credit Clearing. that shows the potential. Greco writes, .The credit clearing exchange is the key element that enables a community to develop a sustainable economy under local control and to maintain a high standard of living and quality of life..

This would be a real revolution. What can governments do to help? Perhaps only by removing, as Greco recommends, the privileged position of bank debt-money as legal tender. Instead, let bank money compete with market-based alternative currencies and credit exchanges, if it can.

Greco.s book is a how-to-do-it manual that updates and expands on his previous books, Money and Debt: A Solution to the Global Crisis, New Money for Healthy Communities, and Money: Understanding and Creating Alternatives to Legal Tender. Greco also operates a website that offers advice and support to worthwhile community initiatives.

My own view is that no one should wait to see who takes the lead in creating the monetary and credit-clearing systems of the future. The time is now. There is no more reason to delay. If the people of the world do not join together in this kind of action, they can likely kiss their economic future and perhaps their livelihoods good-bye. The controllers of the world, those with the big money, the ones who run the banking systems, who own the global corporations, and who finance politicians like Obama, the Bushes, and the Clintons, are now poised in their blindness to extinguish the light of democracy on the planet for good.

Greco is implying that the power of the elite is not only dated but illusory. Thus the way to proceed is not just to oppose them. If they are opposed, they.ll do what they always do, which is to roll out the SWAT teams, the military in the streets, the tear gas, the sound cannon, the concentration camps, the Patriot Acts, the torture chambers, because that is all they know, and it.s what they do best.

The money monopoly translates into a monopoly on violence on an ascending scale. We know that the U.S. sells more weapons abroad than any other nation, and we know that it is war above all that makes the bankers rich.

So let them have their weapons and wars. With all due respect to those brave enough to protest, it.s time for people simply to walk away and set up their own economic and monetary systems as a prelude to a rebirth of humanity as ethical beings in sustainable communities of choice.

The keys, says Greco, are simple: .Promote the establishment of private complementary exchange systems.and use them. Buy from your friends and neighbors wherever possible. Contribute your time, energy, and money to whatever moves things in the right direction..

Greco also recommends that the unit of exchange for alternative currencies be based on the value of commodities.not necessarily gold or silver, which bankers and governments manipulate, but those commodities readily available within a trading system. State and local governments should do everything possible to protect, encourage, nourish, and participate in these systems.

The irony is that what may appear on the surface to be technical changes in how the exchange of goods and services takes place can have such profound effects. The answer is that systems of exchange reflect entirely different perceptions of the world. Bank-money exchange reflects and creates a system of elite control and human slavery. Reciprocal credit exchange reflects and creates a democratic system on a level monetary playing field.

The difference points to the fact that such reform is, above all, a spiritual endeavor. Thomas Greco has devoted decades to this quest and is one of its foremost visionaries. In an Epilogue he writes: .We will either learn to put aside sectarian differences, to recognize all life as one life, to cooperate in sharing earth.s bounty, and yield control to a higher power.or we will find ourselves embroiled in ever-more destructive conflicts that will leave the planet in ruins and avail only the meanest form of existence for the few, if any, who survive..

It.s a vision we can all strive to embrace.

Richard C. Cook is the author of We Hold These Truths: The Hope of Monetary Reform, scheduled to appear by September 2007. A retired federal analyst, his career included service with the U.S. Civil Service Commission, the Food and Drug Administration, the Carter White House, and NASA, followed by twenty-one years with the U.S. Treasury Department. He is also author of Challenger Revealed: An Insider.s Account of How the Reagan AdministrationCaused the Greatest Tragedy of the Space Age.


Michael Dawson said on October 13th, 2009 at 10:02am #

Poppycock, based on poppycock history.

Andrew Jackson was an insane racist megalomaniac who attacked the idea of economic planning in favor of graft, slavery, and laissez-faire drift. The Second Bank was replaced by a pack of .pet banks. who were far worse than any central bank ever was.

Our problem is capitalism, not money.

Michael Kenny said on October 13th, 2009 at 10:56am #

It.s not clear how much is Mr Greco (age 73) and how much is Mr Cook.s commentary but the whole article is a defence of classic neo-liberal monetarism, with its horror of inflation and debt. This is the very ideology which has been .tinaed. to us for the last thirty years as the unalterable holy writ of economics and which led to the present crisis! Mr Greco doesn.t see anything wrong with neo-liberalism, he simply think it has been .perverted. by those nasty bankers and if only the world would .go back. to a sort of .age of innocence., when neo-liberalism was somehow .pure., all would be well. That is exactly the same mistake as the Soviet elite made 20 years ago: instead of reforming the system, they propped it up and trying to block any real reform. The only dispute between Mr Greco, Mr Cook, Ron Paul, Paul Craig Roberts, Michael Hudson, Obama, the Clintons, Kucinich etc. and the bankers they criticise is how best to go about that. The consequence will probably be the same as in the Soviet Union, which is, of course, not necessarily a bad thing for the .little guy..

Richard C. Cook said on October 13th, 2009 at 11:06am #

These comments are utter nonsense. Greco and I both reject neoliberal monetarism.

Michael Dawson said on October 13th, 2009 at 3:16pm #

You might not directly embrace neoliberalism, but you certainly make excuses for capitalism.

Government debt, meanwhile, doesn.t come from money or even the Rockefellers. It comes from the capitalist class, which opposes both progressive taxation and full, publicly-guided employment.

The struggle is to make this whole planet an intentional community, not to drop out and pretend that banana money wouldn.t eventually lead to exactly the same outcome as fiat currency, given enough time.

Business owners are in it to get rich and powerful. Look around.

Late Revolution said on October 13th, 2009 at 9:40pm #

A slave society ruled by the rich? Let me tell you: If you.re a member of the working class, you are all too aware that we have just that already, and have for a long time. It isn.t something that.s on its way. As far as walking away from the system and planting a vegetable garden.Well, that.s not going to work. You can.t ignore the person who is whipping you. Sooner or later you.re going to need something that only they have. The only answer to the problems in this country.all the problems in this country.is mass revolution. We need the sixties times ten. We need to overthrow these monsters who are destroying the very value of life for the rest of us. Think about it. How much are you able to actually enjoy your brief time on this planet as a living being, as opposed to the ruling class.people who don.t have to so much as plunge their own commode when it backs up; people who never have to deal with the stress and worry of daily living? Enough is enough. Time to take life back. That is the only answer for us. It.s not about .the country. anymore. It.s about predator and pray. We won.t survive if we don.t act soon.

Annie Ladysmith said on October 13th, 2009 at 10:54pm #

Comrade .LATE., you are right! We have done this thing in Russia already and now WE ARE THE RICH!! Ha-Ha, we have our country dasha.s and we have much vodka, and sex slaves, and it is a very great thing. All the, how you say, party-poopers had to go, and did we ever find places for them to go, SIBERIA, we write tourist reports about this place and we send them all there, it is a very good thing. Come to Moscow we will give you vodka and even, how you say, smack, we have plenty that too. Bye-bye.

Max Shields said on October 14th, 2009 at 5:45am #

First, alternative monetary systems . LETS, Timebanking, local currencies are more than worthy considerations when discussing the bankrupt economics of corporate debt based capitalism.

The notion of workers. cooperatives also merits work arrangement consideration that mitigates class and embraces a democratically run work place.

But underlying this is the PROBLEM. The problem should not be isolated to our little back and forth about class, and neoliberalism and the such. This, with all due respect, is small talk, and small thinking.

The PROBLEM is not corrected by any of these considerations, though they are apart of the potential solution. The foremost PROBLEM is consumption, and more specifically the efficiency of consumption. As long as production, and its efficiency is the basis of any economics the PROBLEM is exaserbated. Understanding this through a process of systems thinking makes apparent the ways in which we talk around the PROBLEM. The fundamentals of what.s called the .modern age., it.s ever increasing use of non-renewable energy resources, and it.s efficiencies brought about through ever increasing consumption that undermines any efficiencies in production such that more and more of less and less of what we need to exist on the planet is available.

This is the big fat elephant in the room. It is regularly ignored because the conversation is always framed within ideological terms that bounce around the PROBLEM.

As simple, why do we have economies? question would be a good starting place.

Richard C. Cook said on October 14th, 2009 at 6:22am #

Excellent comments from Max Shields. Thanks.

Shabnam said on October 14th, 2009 at 7:43am #

The whole world is under direction of CAPITALISM, but majority of these countries are NOT CONSUMING, they are starved to death. People are so arrogant that hold the United States as the center of the world and try to analysis the problem of American society as the solution for neoliberalism. The problem of capitalism is .accumulation of capital. where can be achieved only by PROFITS. This PROFIT can be gained through various means including WARS to expand share of market to bring more profits. Therefore, these capitalist countries with WMD with/without support of their population can wage war and commit war crimes against humanity to guarantee the expansion of the system to bring more PROFITS to protect the survival of the system.

David said on October 14th, 2009 at 8:02am #

Ho-Hum. Another book review.

So Greco presents us with a history lesson and speculation on its results and then drifts off to La-La Land via the Book of Revelations, throws in some nonsense about our collective consciousness and, just for good measure, offers up some crap about our evolutionary program telling us to stop. (Is this guy channeling Nancy Reagan with her Just Say No program?)

Here.s a little ditty for Mr. Greco to ponder:

..the whole drama of history is enacted in a frame of meaning too large for human comprehension or management..
Reinhold Niebuhr, Irony of American History, p.88

Max Shields said on October 14th, 2009 at 10:29am #


War was not created by Capitalism.

If you look at the numbers, the USA is the center of the consuming world, collectively and per capita. That is an irrefuteable fact.

Acknowledging this is not arrogant, to the contrary. It could even be considered arrogant to deny it, as many in the US do in various ways.

Policy, power, and the institutionalization of our PROBLEM is our greatest enemy, if by enemy we mean the greatest danger to all humans regardless of where they live, worship or not, languages they speak, etc.

This is larger than all tsnamis combined. It is clearly a PROBLEM which exceeds individual solutions (plant a tree, visit a park, recycle, etc.). The PROBLEM is so massive that one can honestly contemplate that is just too late to solve this, and THIS is the ability to continue life on the planet as we.ve come to know it.

We piss and kill, and destroy as if WE are the reason for this planet.s existence. The planet feeds us and allows us to exist, but if and when we make the fundamental changes to both ends of consumptions . extraction of inputs from the earth, and a consumer based economy that knows only endless unforgiving consumption.WE ARE DOOMED WITHOUT EXCEPTION!!

We can label this Capitalism, but flayling at Capitalism does not provide answers. A socialism based on Production is just as toxic as Capitalism. We need to have an economy of relationships, and reduction of energy intensive needs satifaction. Don.t do that and again DOOM, and you can call it SocialCapitalism for all I care.

Deadbeat said on October 14th, 2009 at 12:16pm #

Shabnam writes .
The whole world is under direction of CAPITALISM, but majority of these countries are NOT CONSUMING, they are starved to death. People are so arrogant that hold the United States as the center of the world and try to analysis the problem of American society as the solution for neoliberalism. The problem of capitalism is .accumulation of capital. where can be achieved only by PROFITS. This PROFIT can be gained through various means including WARS to expand share of market to bring more profits. Therefore, these capitalist countries with WMD with/without support of their population can wage war and commit war crimes against humanity to guarantee the expansion of the system to bring more PROFITS to protect the survival of the system.

I totally agree. The profit motive has exacerbates war and Capitalism creates tremendous INEQUALITY. Inequality needs racism and other tactics in order to maintain the exploitation of people and the planet.

There has been a tendency on the so-called Left to drive a wedge between Marxism and to diminished Socialism as a democratic system. In a democratic system people can decide how they want to arrange production. Socialism is not based on .industrialization. as some on the Left especially Chomskyites would have people believe. Socialism is based on meeting the needs of people and on DEMOCRACY.

Also I agree, the tendency on the Left is to view issues from the perspective of the United States. Half of the world.s population lives on less than a US dollar per day therefore the problem is UNDER-consumption and CAPITALIST production. Therefore much of the worlds resources . PEOPLE . are being wasted and severely EXPLOITED. The world resources will never be in balanced until the EXPLOITATION of PEOPLE ceases.

There is a tendency by so-called .environmentalist. and especially neo-Malthusian to preserve Capitalism by blaming the victims . people or solely display their concern for natural resources while ignoring or disminishing Capitalist exploitation upon people.

As this crisis continue you will see commentary that is designed to confused people about Capitalism and like the Left misdirection about confronting Zionism you will see the same tactic regarding Capitalism in order to weaken and to diffuse solidarity and mobilization towards a movement to end this awful system.

Randy Wilson said on October 14th, 2009 at 12:29pm #

The Earth is a lifeboat. When one person in the lifeboat eats all the goodies and shits on everyone else, wouldn.t you take that person and throw his stinking ass overboard? That is what needs to be done. You drown those SOBs.

Shabnam said on October 14th, 2009 at 2:05pm #

It is not necessary to look at the numbers to see that USA is the center of the CONSUMING world. The reason is that the capitalists provided easy credits and a need to promote consumption to bring more profits for themselves while they rob others. The other capitalist nations where have enriched themselves through colonialism are consuming at a higher rate compare to Asians and Africans. The reason American consume more because they have this perception that they can AFFORT it, created by credit cards and the media . capitalist tool of propaganda . but the NUMBERS show that actually they are POORER than what they think. They can be engaged in this kind of behavior because $$$ is the world currency maintained with the cooperation of other countries like Japan, China and the Arab oil producing countries who buy your bonds and real estate and bring their ASSETS to this country. You have this illusion that capitalism is FINE but consumption is the problem. If you don.t consume, why they should bring their money here? You don.t know what is going to happen to you when skilled workers stop to come here and then you have to SPEND TRILLIONS OF DOLLAR TO EDUCATE YOUR LABOR FORCE. You don.t know what is going to happen to you when $$$ go down the tube, this is in the process. How many of your officials have announced on TV that people should consume LESS? NO ONE, They know how CAPITALISM WORKS. They know that consumption is the blood line of capitalism of the late stage, because consumption brings more profits. The more you consume, the more you help the CAPITAL to be accumulated in the hand of 1 percent of the population. If capitalism was based on production to satisfy the basic needs and sensible technology to solve people.s problem in terms of access to health care, education and jobs, then we would not be against capitalism. However, the system is based on PORFITS, not to solve people.s needs and facilitate access to goods necessary for survival, but CREATES PROBLEMS IN ORDER TO INCREASE THE RATE OF PROFIT to bring more resources of the planet under control of small portion of world population. Therefore, Capitalism construct NEEDS to increase the rate of consumption. People cannot fight back all the time not to consume since capitalism not only creates needs but also division and desperation. The bankers from the beginning knew that people cannot pay their mortgages back, therefore, using this INFORMATION, they targeted certain portion of the population to promote sells of houses by providing them with easy credits to promote sales of these houses at the higher price because all these capitalists knew they are going to increase rate of profit on people.s EXPENSE. Please don.t tell me that these bankers are greedy and have no MORALITY. Capitalism is based on profits and do not recognize morality. We are not living in the pre-capitalism era. We have passed that time, at least, 500 years ago. Capitalism like Zionism has to expand to survive and cannot be contained within the borders.

Max Shields said on October 14th, 2009 at 2:17pm #

I am under no illusion that capitalism is fine. The problem though is the irrationality of production at all costs. As long as we (no matter what the ism is) thinks that production of goods and good and more goods is even better, than we have a problem.

The notion of a steady-state economy that finds we can reduce needs such as family as 2 to 4 cars, is what.s called for. Anything other than that is uneconomical. Power and policy is certainly at the center of sustaining the unsustainable, but the choices among far too many is to put the whole issue on the individual (which is insane given the gavity of the PROBLEM) or modeling US consumption behaviors as a model of prosperity. That is the dominant economic paradigm at work in the world at large.

Poor nations trying to be .rich. because they feel that the US has taken more than its fair share (while the latter is definitely true) does not solve the PROBLEM. As a species we have tended to overuse resources by creating needless stuff in quantities that require more.

Absolutely the system is built to produce more, to consume more and mostly of stuff that is non-reusable or even recycleable. Is there profit in this? Yes as long as your profit system is limited to what we.ve got and what far too many others in the world look to mimic.

dan e said on October 14th, 2009 at 4:24pm #

good comment, Max.

It IS important to distinguish between Money Capital and real Capital, which is the power to command the labor of others, whether to extract/harvest primary resources or to convert resources into saleable commodities.

Marx understood this, but alas it seems most .Marxists. do not, having become entranced by discussions of .economic. phenomena.

Most of the time in a society based on the Capitalist Mode of Production, possession of Money automatically equals possession of Power. But there is a point at which this runs into its limit. Especially if your Money is denominated as US dollars and people expect the value, that is the Power, of US dollars to decline significantly in the near future.
BTW, residents of the EU countries enjoy a higher standard of consumption than residents of the USA at present. .Americans. are constantly told that theirs is .the richest country in the world. but such has not been the case for at least a couple of decades.
US consumption has been maintained by increasing easy access to credit, but that mechanism has run up against its limit.
You have to view Capitalism globally, as a Totality. The place and role of the USA within the Totality has been different at different times and stages. It is now becoming much less important as a site of surplus extraction/profit realization, if you are careful not to equate Money Capital with Real Capital. The USA is even becoming less important as a base for the global capitalist State, as the US DOD runs up against the limits of the willingness of lowerclass US residents to offer themselves as cannonfodder.

Deadbeat said on October 14th, 2009 at 6:57pm #

Max writes.
I am under no illusion that capitalism is fine. The problem though is the irrationality of production at all costs. As long as we (no matter what the ism is) thinks that production of goods and good and more goods is even better, than we have a problem.

On the other hand Max you.ve argued against the redistribution of wealth which is going to be needed in order to transform Capitalist production and to put into balance resource allocation which is current production system puts out of balance.

I think you also confuse the word .production.. As long as there are human being there is going to be production the questions are what are of the kinds of production needed in order to maintain a balanced economy, society, and environment. You have a tendency to frame production as solely the current form of wasteful Capitalist production and make your arguments against Socialism from that frame.

For example increasing the number of nurses, teachers, artists, homemakers, caregivers, etc will increase production yet at the same time be less damaging to than the current capitalist mode of production which requires comsumerism as Shabnam described.

Yes as long as your profit system is limited to what we.ve got and what far too many others in the world look to mimic.

The question to ask is not whether poor nations look to mimic the rich ones but that the rich ones FORCES and LEAVES no other options to poorer nation lest they run the risk of .regime change.. In other words the U.S. and the West uses their .wealth. and military to force Capitalism down the throats of the poor. Your tendency is to frame the issue AS IF the world has democratically chosen Capitalism. Your framing is why you tend to neglect DEMOCRACY as a cornerstone of Socialism.

dan e writes .

It is now becoming much less important as a site of surplus extraction/profit realization, if you are careful not to equate Money Capital with Real Capital. The USA is even becoming less important as a base for the global capitalist State, as the US DOD runs up against the limits of the willingness of lowerclass US residents to offer themselves as cannonfodder.

What is .Real Capital.? The U.S. has a lot of real capital with a working population of over 200 million people. The U.S. elites has chosen to exploit that real capital (PEOPLE) into the form of money and monopoly Capitalism. An economy of 300 million people means that you have that much interaction among people a vast pool of productive potential.

The possession of Money equates power due to Capitalism.s laws and enforcement of those laws. In other words the Capitalist states still function to serve the needs of Capitalism. This is why the bankers were bailed out by the states and the workers are left to suffer.

What I think the tendency is is to omit from the discussion the power of the Capitalist state and its coersive role. Most of the discussion of ecomomic theory assumes all actors are free of the coersion of the state.

Justin said on October 14th, 2009 at 8:59pm #

Mr. Cook, sometimes i think this websites got quite a bit of attention from some intelligence agencies.

Max Shields said on October 15th, 2009 at 3:42am #

I.ve never argued against the redistribution of wealth, to the complete and utter contrary.

I.ve argued over and over, whether you agree with the approach or not, that redistribution comes from reclaiming the commons either through trusts or rent on land. It would have the effect of a complete redistribution by limiting the privitization of nature.

Max Shields said on October 15th, 2009 at 4:20am #

Such a reclamation is what Sun Yat-sen called socializing the land.

Richard C. Cook said on October 15th, 2009 at 6:27am #

Here is a good article someone told me about on the subject of reclaiming the commons

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